Canadian Resources about Canadian Indigenous and Métis
Under Section 35 of the 1982 Canadian Constitution, "Aboriginal peoples of Canada" includes the Indian, Inuit, and Métis. The United States does not recognize the Métis as a separate group of people; therefore, we have elected to provide a page that discuss Canadian Resources and a separate one that discuss American Resources.
Supreme Court of Canada Cases:
Daniel v. Canada:
In this case which was decided 14 April 2016, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that Metis and non-status Indians are “Indians” and existing laws burden the federal government of fiduciary duty to them and an obligation to negotiate or consult on their rights. See: http://scc-csc.lexum.com/scc-csc/scc-csc/en/item/15858/index.do
Book: Gail Morin, First Mètis [sic] Families of Québec 1622 – 1748 (Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield Publishing, 2012). The book covers 56 Families headed by a French or French Canadian and a Native American. The descendants of these couples are listed for three generations if the data is available. The entry for each individual contains a source for the record and the entries for each family includes a bibliography. Although there are some errors, this book is a good starting point for researching these families; researchers should confirm the entries with primary records if possible. Gail Morin is also the author of a number of other books dealing with Métis Families or Communities in Alberta, Manitoba, Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, and North Dakota. These books are available for sale on Amazon.
Reports on the Canadian Residential School System:
See the French Canadian and Native Families Page for profiles of these families from the Detroit River Region
Canadian Resources Related to Métis and métis:
Canadian Encyclopedia articles about Métis:
Métis are a People, Not a Historical Process:
Library and Archives Canada (LAC): Click on the link to see the Resources for researching First Nation, Métis, and Inuit Heritage at LAC:
Records from Canadiana Heritage: